Receptive Dysphasia

Receptive dysphasia is due to a lesion in Wernicke's area of the brain and results in the inability to understand language correctly.

There is often a combination of expressive and receptive dysphasia, as the two areas are closely related anatomically.

Aphasia is the complete inability to express thoughts as language.

Videos:

Three stage video In this video the patient is able to follow a three step command - he identifies the right arm correctly, remembers to touch his nose and left ear. This excludes a gross receptive dysphasia.
Receptive dysphasia video In this video, the patient is asked to follow a three stage command, but fails to do so. She does touch her nose, but cannot complete the rest of the command. She appears to understand with her body language and smile, but does clearly have a receptive dysphasia.
On further testing, this lady demonstrates mixed dysphasia. Not only is she unable to follow commands, but she cannot name the hairbrush or pen, even though she clearly knows what their purpose (nominal dysphasia).